Advancing Floating Solar FPV in Developing Countries: Challenges and Opportunities


Floating solar photovoltaic (FPV) technology has emerged as a promising solution for renewable energy generation, offering opportunities for sustainable development and energy access worldwide. This article explores the challenges and opportunities associated with advancing floating solar FPV in developing countries, highlighting the need for innovative approaches and supportive frameworks.

  1. Challenges in Deploying Floating Solar FPV in Developing Countries

    a. Limited Infrastructure : Developing countries often face challenges related to limited grid infrastructure, making it difficult to connect floating solar FPV systems to the electricity grid. This requires additional investment in transmission and distribution infrastructure.

    b. Financing and Investment : Access to affordable financing remains a major hurdle for deploying floating solar FPV projects in developing countries. Lack of creditworthiness, high capital costs, and limited financial resources pose significant barriers to project implementation.

    c. Policy and Regulatory Frameworks : Developing countries may lack comprehensive policies and regulations specific to floating solar FPV. This creates uncertainty for project developers, inhibits market growth, and hinders private sector participation.

    d. Capacity and Technical Expertise : Building local capacity and technical expertise in floating solar FPV installation, operation, and maintenance is crucial. Developing countries may face a shortage of skilled personnel, which can impact project implementation and long-term viability.

  2. Opportunities for Advancing Floating Solar FPV in Developing Countries

    a. Energy Access and Electrification : Floating solar FPV can play a pivotal role in providing clean and reliable electricity to remote and off-grid areas in developing countries. By harnessing solar energy on water bodies, these systems can contribute to energy access and promote economic development.

    b. Water-Energy Nexus : Developing countries often face water scarcity challenges. By utilizing floating solar FPV systems on water bodies such as reservoirs and lakes, these countries can maximize land and water use efficiency, creating synergies between water management and energy production.

    c. Climate Change Mitigation : Developing countries are vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Floating solar FPV offers an opportunity to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change, aligning with international commitments such as the Paris Agreement.

    d. Local Job Creation and Skills Development : The deployment of floating solar FPV projects in developing countries can stimulate local economies, creating job opportunities and supporting skills development in the renewable energy sector.

  3. Overcoming Challenges: Strategies and Recommendations

    a. Policy and Regulatory Support : Developing countries should establish supportive policy frameworks, including feed-in tariffs, tax incentives, and simplified permitting processes for floating solar FPV projects. Additionally, capacity-building programs can enhance regulatory expertise and foster collaboration between government agencies and project developers.

    b. Innovative Financing Mechanisms : Encouraging the development of innovative financing mechanisms, such as green bonds, public-private partnerships, and concessional loans, can attract private sector investment and make floating solar FPV projects financially viable.

    c. Technology Transfer and Knowledge Sharing : Facilitating technology transfer through partnerships with international organizations and promoting knowledge sharing platforms can help bridge the technical expertise gap and build local capacity in floating solar FPV deployment and maintenance.

    d. Stakeholder Engagement and Community Involvement : Engaging local communities and stakeholders from the project’s inception ensures their participation, addresses potential concerns, and maximizes the project’s social acceptance and benefits.


Advancing floating solar FPV in developing countries presents both challenges and opportunities. By overcoming the barriers related to infrastructure, financing, policy frameworks, and capacity, these countries can harness the potential of floating solar FPV technology to enhance energy access, mitigate climate change, and stimulate local economies. International collaboration, innovative approaches, and supportive frameworks are essential in unlocking the full potential of floating solar FPV in advancing sustainable development in developing countries.

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